Tintypes, Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes c cycleback , all rights reserved. Tintype : Early image on a thin iron plate resembling tin. By far the most common of the three for sports subjects. Daguerreotype : Early mage on a silver-coated copper plate. The rarest and most valuable for sports subjects. Ambrotype : Early image on a transparent glass plate with a black backing. Rare for sports subjects. People are surpised to find out that many s photographs were not paper but glass and metal.
How to Date Your Old Photos
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Q: While cleaning out an old farmhouse in the Lucknow, Ont. area I found a large box of tintypes and 19th century photographs, including this.
When photographs are passed down through generations of families, sometimes the stories of the people in the images become fragmented or lost. If you find yourself with a collection of photographs that lack contextual information, there are a number of clues you can look out for. The most effective way to date photographs is to combine historical analysis with knowledge of different photography techniques and materials through time.
Here at The National Archives, we have teams who specialise in both areas and in this blog, Visual Collections Researcher Katherine Howells and Conservator of photographs and paper Ioannis Vasallos share their tips. You can also look out for handwritten notes on the back of the photograph such as names, events or locations. Look also at sleeves — is there a puff at the shoulder? And hairstyles — consider the parting, fringe and accessories. There are plenty of online resources on the history of fashion which can assist you in identifying the different elements.
The presence of an individual in uniform can make the process of dating the photograph easier. This is the case for photographs taken in the 20th century, when uniforms become more standardised. However, for earlier photographs, uniforms can sometimes add to the mystery. These seemingly small details may provide a vital clue that draws your research together! Sitting down with somebody and giving them time to reminisce over a photograph may be the most fruitful thing you can do.
Ask them if they recognise faces, fashions or locations depicted in the photograph.
Dating and Identifying Your Old Family Photographs
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Tintypes are another commonly-found type of photograph—although they were not created on tin. The tintype production method is similar to that.
Introduction : In this article, Mary Harrell-Sesniak shows how you can date old, undated family photos by first figuring out what type of photograph they are, and uses old newspapers and other sources to illustrate different types of photos. Mary is a genealogist, author and editor with a strong technology background. Do you have a box of old, undated family photos somewhere up in the attic—or maybe buried in the back of some closet?
Have you wondered how you were ever going to figure out who these family members might be, since the old photographs lack inscriptions or dates? Genealogy is a lot like detective work, gathering clues to make the pieces of your family puzzle fit together. Old, undated family photographs are pieces of evidence, clues that—if you examine closely enough—might yield some answers.
By knowing a little of the history of photography, you might be able to solve the mystery of those old photos by first recognizing what type of photograph they are—which in turn will help you narrow down the date range for when the photo was created. This blog article will help you do that. Evening Star Washington, D. It was created with a camera obscura, a device used by artists to project images on a wall or screen.
Care of Encased Photographic Images – Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI) Notes 16/1
Tintype photo of two Victorian women posing under an “arched column” – great photo prop. Some creasing and general wear. Image is good. Tintype photo of a baby with a hidden mother awkwardly posed to the side under a striped blanket.
A tintype is a wetplate photo process dating back to the Civil War era. Historically made on enamel-coated tin (or iron), the modern day tintype starts out on a.
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How to Identify 5 Types of Old Photographs
Identifying an old photo isn’t as hard as you would think it would be. There are a few easy ways to identify old photos given how fast the photographic processes changed during the late s and early s. Here’s quick guide on How to Date Old Photos for photos from the ‘s –
Look for photographer stamps showing the date of production. You should also become familiar with tintype photographs that emerged in the.
They are stamped “Neff’s Melainotype Pat 19 Feb 56” along one edge. Sizes range from one-sixth plate to full plate see appendix El. Many are found in gilt frames or in the leather or plastic thermomolded cases of the earlier ambro-types. Civil War Period: – Tintypes of this time are primarily on–sixth Plate and one-fourth plate and are often datable by the Potter’s Patent paper holders, adoned with patriotic stars and emblems, that were introduced during the period.
After the paper holders are embossed rather than printed. Uncased tintypes have been found with cancelled tax stamps adhered to the backs. The stamps date these photographs to the period of the wartime retail tax, September 1, , to August. They “created a sensation among the ferrotypists throughout the country, and the pictures made on the chocolate-tinted surface soon became all the rage,” according to Edward M.
Estabrooke During this period “rustic” photography also made its debut with its pastoral backgrounds, fake stones, wood fences and rural props. Neither the chocolate tint nor the rustic look are found in pre tintypes. They Were popularized under the trade name Gem, and the Gem Galleries offered the tiny likenesses at what has proved to be the lowest prices in studio history. Gem Galleries flourished until about , at which time the invention of roll film and family cameras made possible larger images at modest cost.
How to Date Old Photos
Here are several sites that can help you put your aunts, uncles, cousins and grandparents on the right branches of your family tree. Here are some places where you can pick up a few style cues to help you ID your own vintage family photographs! Wikipedia The collaborative encyclopedia Wikipedia provides a nicely detailed collection of articles about the many eras of clothing fashion.
Here are direct links to the sections dedicated to the time since photography was possible: s s s s s s s s s s — — s. Flickr collections by era These contributed photographs are grouped by decade, and the multitude of images will provide you with a helpful frame of reference to compare your vintage photos.
: Cased Images & Tintypes KwikGuide: A Guide to Identifying and Dating Daguerreotypes, Ambrotypes, and Tintypes (): Clark.
It’s best to search for ancestors by entering one term in the search box below such as surname, a city or town, a county, a state, a country or a keyword such as England, Civil War, CDV, Minnesota, Pennsylvania etc. Pearce’s Algonquin Bon Ton Tent. Collection of author. A wonderful early advertising piece for the traveling photographer tent of W.
Cheney tintype photo below. This appears to have been written in the ‘s, probably by a daughter or son, or other family member of Mary’s. For us, it was a happy occurrence to find a tintype so clearly and steadfastly marked! Tintype Origins: The advent of the tintype photograph in the ‘s brought photography to the working classes. Professor Hamilton Smith of Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio Knox County worked with Peter Neff on experimenting with photographs on iron plates, using the principles of the daguerreotype.
The term “case photograph” describes three types of 19th-century photographs that were generally kept in cases which were both decorative and protective. They are the daguerreotype , named after its inventor L. Daguerre; the ambrotype; and the tintype or ferrotype. Daguerreotypes were introduced in in Paris, France, constituting for some photo-historians the beginning of photography.
Ambrotypes and tintypes, made by the wet collodion process, originated in the s.
19th Century Photo Types: A Breakdown to Help You Date Old Family Pictures plate holding the positive image to distinguish a tintype from an ambrotype.